Some fathers' rights activists object to the term "visitation", which they see as denigrating to their level of authority as parents, and instead prefer the use of "parenting time". LGBT people can become parents through various means including current or former relationships, coparentingadoptiondonor inseminationreciprocal IVFand surrogacy. Radical Relations traces the legal, political, and social trends in gay parenting from the end of World War II to the present. A Journal of Feminist Philosophy. This precedent was the beginning of a thaw in the legal system that would increasingly grant lesbian and gay parents legal custody of their children. The New York Times. Empirical studies comparing children raised by sexual minority parents with those raised by otherwise comparable heterosexual parents have not found reliable disparities in mental health or social adjustment.
Rivers has a fascinating discussion, for example, on controversies generated by lesbian separatists raising boys—some activists welcomed boys into these female-centric spaces, but others did not.
Fathers' rights movement
Being raised by a single father does not appear to inherently disadvantage children's psychological wellbeing more than being raised by a single mother. Supreme Court legalized gay marriage nationwide inadvancing legal parenting rights for same-sex couples with children. Warren Farrella veteran of the women's, men's and fathers' movement since the s, describes the fathers' rights movement as part of a larger "gender transition movement" and thinks that, similar to women in the s, fathers are transitioning from gender-based to more flexible family roles. Policy debates will be impoverished if this important source of knowledge is simply dismissed as a 'he said, she said' squabble. In a affidavit filed in the case Gill v. The fathers' rights movement exists almost exclusively in industrialized countrieswhere divorce has become more common. In Junethe results of a year ongoing longitudinal study by Nanette Gartrell of the University of California and Henny Bos of the University of Amsterdam were released.
He also notes the predictions of Tim O'Brien, the author of the proposed amendment, who states that the proposed amendment would result in a plummeting divorce rate and reduced negative consequences for children. Retrieved November 2, Stephen Baskerville states that governments throughout the United States and other democracies are engaged, by accident or design, in a campaign against fathers and fatherhood, which in his view, lies at the root of a larger problem that threatens marriage, destroys families, devastates the lives of many children, and undermines parentsdemocracy and accountability. Civil and political Economic, social and cultural Three generations. While "once gay and lesbian parents attain parenthood status[…] they almost never lose it" this is not the case for trans parents, as seen with the cases of Suzanne Daly and Martha Boydtwo trans women who both had their parental rights, with regard to biological children, terminated on the basis of their diagnosis of gender identity disorder and their trans status. The United Kingdom, Judgment, retrieved from: